UK Stairparts Ltd

Ultimate Staircase Parts Guide

Posted on Mon July 10th 2023 by James Speke

Staircases are a common feature in many homes, offices, and public spaces. They are not just functional elements that help you move from one level to another; staircases can also be a beautiful design feature that adds character and style to any space. However, staircases are made up of many different parts that can be confusing if you’re not familiar with them. In this blog post, we’ll explore the different parts of a staircase and explain their functions.

  1. Staircase Treads

Staircase treads are a crucial part of any staircase. They are the horizontal surfaces that you step on when going up or down a staircase. Treads can be made of different materials, such as wood, stone, or even glass. The most important aspect of treads is their grip. The surface of a tread should be slip-resistant for safety reasons.

  1. Staircase Risers

The riser is the vertical section between two treads. Risers serve two essential functions; first, they provide a barrier between each step, and second, they cover up the structural supports underneath the stair frame. Risers can be the same material as the tread or a contrasting material to create visual interest.

  1. Staircase Stringers

Stringers are the structural supports that hold up the treads and risers in a staircase. They are typically made of wood, metal, or concrete, depending on the design of the staircase. Stringers can be either open or closed, depending on the look the designer wants.

  1. Staircase Handrails

Handrails are the protective railings that run along the side of the staircase, providing support and helping to prevent falls. They are typically made of wood, metal, or glass and can be installed on both sides of the staircase or just one.

  1. Staircase Balustrades

Balustrades are the decorative elements that surround the handrails and help to support them. They can be made of metal, wood, glass, or stone and can be either simple or ornate, depending on the design of the staircase.


Staircases can be beautiful and functional elements of any space. Knowing the different parts of a staircase can be helpful in understanding how they are constructed and designed. Whether you’re an architect, interior designer, or just a homeowner, understanding the different parts of a staircase can be essential. With this guide, you can now identify and appreciate the different parts of your staircase or the one you plan to install.